Estabilidade e mudança no inglês indígena nativo americano

o caso do inglês Lumbee na Carolina do Norte




Inglês Nativo Americano, Língua de contato tri-étnico, Identidade de oposição, Variedade remanescente, Acomodação linguística


Esta descrição considera a variedade do inglês dos índios Lumbee da Carolina do Norte, o maior grupo de Índios Americanos Nativos a leste do Rio Mississippi. Eles perderam sua língua ancestral gerações atrás e viveram em um contexto rural relativamente estável, triétnico e isolado por várias gerações com afro-americanos e europeus americanos. Examinamos duas estruturas morfossintáticas proeminentes, o uso de perfective I'm em I'm a there e a remorfologização de was e were baseadas na polaridade (por exemplo, It weren’t me, e they was here) e um processo fonético menos saliente, a anteriorização da vogal BOOT. As estruturas morfossintáticas indicam traços de uma variedade remanescente regionalizada que diferenciam o Lumbee de suas variedades de grupo. O traço fonético, no entanto, mostra mudanças ao longo das gerações recentes à medida que o Lumbee passa de um alinhamento com Afro-Americanos para um com os Europeus Americanos. Explicamos o realinhamento do traço fonético para longe da Língua Afro-Americana em termos de uma identidade de oposição, na qual o Lumbee mantém sua distinção como um grupo etnolinguístico que não é Afro-Americano nem Europeu-Americano, mas especialmente não é Afro-Americano.


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Biografia do Autor

Walt Wolfram, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, North Carolina, United States of America

Walt Wolfram is William C. Friday Distinguished University Professor at North Carolina State University, where he also directs the Language and Life Project at North Carolina State University. He has pioneered research on social and ethnic dialects of English since the 1960s and published more than 30 books and edited collections, and over 300 articles; he currently focuses on language diversity and the public interest. 

Marie Bissell, The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio, United States of America

Marie Bissell is a Ph.D. student in the Department of Linguistics at The Ohio State University. She previously received her M.A. in English (Linguistics) from North Carolina State University. Her research focuses on sociophonetic aspects of sound change, especially with respect to vowels, in the realms of both production and perception. More broadly, she is interested in applying quantitative methods to questions about dialectology and language change.


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Como Citar

Wolfram, W., & Bissell, M. (2021). Estabilidade e mudança no inglês indígena nativo americano: o caso do inglês Lumbee na Carolina do Norte. Revista Da Anpoll, 52(esp), 82–102.



GT de Sociolinguística, 35 anos depois: reflexões e cenários